Most neural connections take place in the first years of life. At birth, the brain is just 25 percent as big as the adult brain. But already at two years it has reached 75 percent of the later size. And with a five-year-old, the brain has almost grown. Of course this does not mean that your child in kindergarten knows as much as an adult. Still, experience is important! It is said that the brain structures responsible for learning, memory, motor control and other functions are fully trained at five years.
How to Encourage Brain Development?
These structures and the neural paths that transmit information between them are now used throughout life. The connections, called synapses, are the basis for movement, thoughts, memories and feelings of a human being. How to Promote Brain Development No two brains are the same, not even those of identical twins. What kind of connections between the neurons (cells) in the brain are established depends entirely on the range of circumstances to which it is exposed, as well as on genetic factors. In the first year of life, in which essential parts of the brain are formed, a safe and reliable environment is of the utmost importance. This also includes frequent body contact and the rapid fulfillment of needs.
A key element of neural development in the first three years is that the child is spoken and played and is in a changing, stimulating environment – and has the opportunity to rest and sleep, because the brain reorganizes in peace and processes the impressions. These simple but important things lay the foundation for later learning. Make strong connections Surprisingly, a two-year-old child has trillions of neural connections – which is more than twice as many as an adult! By external impressions, the connections in the brain grow to adapt and survive.
Over time, some connections are reused and reused, while others become idle and meaningless. This normal process, called neural ramification, explains why a child effortlessly learns a language or accent as long as it is still very young. If the brain is not regularly exposed to this language, some synapses disappear and the brain is no longer able to form or recognize certain sounds. Neural ramification can be strengthened by routine and repetition. This encourages learning and helps the brain decide what is important. Even if the greatest development has already taken place by the third birthday, the years in the school will generate a swarm of busy and industrious neurons. Between 3 and 6, a child learns the simplest – not just factual knowledge, but also social behavior, play rules, orientation and connections. On the other hand, impulsive control and judgment are developed only in schoolchildren and are only fully trained in the young adult.
You can read our previous article:The Baby Right After Birth- First Month here