Brain cells and neurons form before a baby is born. At birth, a baby’s brain is 25% of an adult’s brain. Thinking, reminiscence, emotional and social behaviors, which are the functions of our brain at birth, have not developed.
Postnatal neurons begin to form synapses. In the first year, millions of links are formed. The connections in the brain of a 2-year-old baby are two times more than those of an adult brain. Neurons that have not been stimulated from the outside do not connect to other neurons. When the initial connections are shaped, the brain begins to develop these existing connections. Childhood experiences are evident in which cells are used in the working circuits of the brain. Unfiltered and unused cells are eliminated. When a baby reaches the age of 3, 90% of the physical growth of the brain is completed. In the first decade of life, well-evoked neural connections grow, become stronger, better organized. The period between the ages of 3-6 years of neurons is at the highest level. It has been proven that the life and environmental conditions of childhood affects the brain functioning positively or negatively and it is 20-30% less than the peers of brain development in children who do not play.
What do we know about the brain? Here are a few questions:
About the Brain
- The architecture of the brain begins to shape during pregnancy. Some simple brain functions that are formed by this pattern are vital functions.
- During pregnancy, the brain does not develop because of the general structure, the connections between the different regions of the brain, even if the hardware is formed.
- The developmental process of the brain is closely related to the life after birth, relationships and experience.
- Unlike all other organs (for example, the heart is in a position to carry out its entire life function at birth), a newborn baby can not perform all the incredible functions that the brain can perform in the future. A number of development steps need to be overcome. All the vital experiences that will occur after birth will form the steps of brain development. (We should not ignore the physiological and psychological disturbances that the mother can experience during her pregnancy, the effects of alcohol and / or drug use on her baby’s brain.)
- When babies are born, they have the ability to learn all the languages of the world, not just a language. They hear different voices, speech and accent differences. A baby perceives a syllable that is not in its own language as a different sound. This difference continues to be heard at the 6th month, but at 12th month it can not detect this difference. (Kuhl)
- Even when they are still in their mother’s womb, they are able to react to their mother’s emotional sounds.
- Babies’ mother tongue is more prominent than other tongues in 6-12 months.
- Complex network formation of the brain does not last for a whole lifetime. When the amount of connection reaches the peak, the elimination / pruning period starts. The amount and intensity of the connection decreases and begins to descend to the level that an adult has.
- The cycle of elimination and reduction of brain cell connections in humans begins around 3 years and continues until 16 years of age.
- You read this article, you are trying to learn something new?
- We know that the first three years of life are the basis for a healthy psychological development when we look at psychological research that particularly examines mother-child relationships. When we examine brain development research, we see that it is the basis of the first three years of learning.
- As we know that the learning process continues with the growth process, we can not say that brain development is completed in the first three years (Nelson, 2000)
- Proper nutrition is very important during pregnancy. Annelins have folic acid and iron requirements. Infants need iron after birth. Iron is a carrier of oxygen and is essential for brain development is required for red blood cells.
- Breastmilk contains every important nutrient in brain development. Some investigations have identified higher levels of IQ in infants fed with breast milk than those fed with breast milk.
- You must understand the importance of creating a rich environment for language. Read it is only one way. Talking, singing, listening to music, etc. others.
- A study of 20-month-old babies in Chicago revealed that a mother of a conversational mother had 131 more words from her baby than an uncommunicative mother, and a 295-word difference around 2 years of age. This is the actual speaking environment, not the television. (Begley, 1997) It is observed that children who met early with words and grew up in environments with too much dialogue had higher primary school achievements.
- Studies that started with monkeys and mice in particular have now been done with people thanks to the developing technology. And yes, mothers and fathers have not been as clear as their recent work, where environmental conditions, living standards, and significant share in brain development have been made.